Chianti. One of the most classic italian traditional wines.
Here is a quick guide on this gem of Italy.
this Worldwide known brand is actually a a blend of different grapes types ,
more exactly 70% Sangiovese, 15% Canaiolo and 15% Malvasia bianca.
Starting in 1716 , it described the area near the villages of Gaiole, Castellina and Radda;
the so-called Lega del Chianti and later Provincia del Chianti (Chianti province).
In 1932 the Chianti area was completely re-drawn and divided in seven sub-areas:
Chianti Classico, Colli Aretini, Colli Fiorentini,Colline Pisane, Colli Senesi, Montalbano and Rufina.
Most of the villages that in 1932 were suddenly included in the new
Chianti Classico area added in Chianti to their name-such as Greve in Chianti which amended its name in 1972.
Wines labelled "Chianti Classico" come from the biggest sub-area of Chianti, that includes the original Chianti heartland.
Only Chianti from this sub-zone may boast the Black Rooster Seal (known in Italian as a Gallo Nero) on the neck of the bottle, which indicates that
the producer of the wine is a member of the Chianti Classico Consortium,
the local association of producers.
Other variants, with the exception of Rufina from the north-east side of Florence
and Montalbano in the south of Pistoia, originate in the respective named provinces:
Siena for the Colli Senesi, Florence for the Colli Fiorentini, Arezzo for the Colli Aretini and
Pisa for the Colline Pisane. In 1996 part of the Colli Fiorentini sub-area was renamed Montespertoli.
During the 1970s producers started to reduce the quantity of white grapes in Chianti.
In 1995 it became legal to produce a Chianti with 100% Sangiovese.
For a wine to retain the name of Chianti, it must be produced with at least 80% Sangiovese grapes. Aged Chianti (38 months instead of 47), may be labelled as Riserva.
Chianti that meets more stringent requirements (lower yield, higher alcohol content and dry extract) may be labelled as Chianti Superiore, although Chianti
from the "Classico" sub-area is not allowed in any event to be labelled as "Superiore".